Tuesday, 15 July 2014

Job opportunities in Canada - News - Jamaica Gleaner - Tuesday | July 15, 2014


Job opportunities in Canada - News - Jamaica Gleaner - Tuesday | July 15, 2014



Dear Ms Powell,
I've been reading about job opportunities in Canada and so I decided to write you to see if I stand a chance. I have a diploma from The Mico Teachers College and I have been working in a day care as I haven't been able to get a job as a teacher. I heard that I may be able to find work in Canada. Can you tell me how to apply?
- BT
Dear BT,
As a part of  Canada Immigration policy and economic action plan, the government reopened the Federal Skilled Worker Programme in May 2014 with a new list of eligible occupations. This list is based on research which reveals that Canada is experiencing a shortage of early childhood educators (ECEs) and early childhood assistants.
In order to qualify, you would need to have a minimum of one year of continuous, full-time (or an equal amount of part-time) paid relevant work experience within the past ten years as an early childhood educator or early childhood assistant. Then, you may be eligible to apply, under the Federal Skilled Worker Programme, for you and your immediate family to become permanent residents of Canada.
Eligible workers
ECEs are also known as pre-school teachers, childcare workers, day care workers, childcare practitioners, home childcare consultants, nursery school teachers, childcare assistant supervisors, day care supervisors, childcare coordinators.
You will need a letter from your employer confirming that you are working in a registered childcare centre, day care centre, early childhood school, kindergarten or an agency/school for exceptional children. The key is that you provide education or care for pre-teens or work in any other setting where early childhood education services are provided.
If you are applying as a supervisor or coordinator, you will need to have a minimum of two years working experience in the field.
Basic eligibility to become an early childhood educator or assistant in Canada
Completion of secondary school;
Experience in childcare;
Completion of an early childhood education assistant certificate programme or post-secondary courses in early childhood education may be required;
Licensing by a provincial or territorial association for early childhood educators (ECEs) may be required.
The key to remember is that even though the educational requirement may seem easy to meet, you will need to be able to get a minimum of 67 points in order to qualify under the Federal Skilled Worker Programme.
In your particular case, you indicate that you already have a diploma from Mico, so you should be able to reach the minimum requirement under the point system depending on other factors such as your age, whether or not you have other relatives here in Canada and language skills.
How do you apply?
You may visit the Citizenship and Immigration  Canada website and download the required forms, complete the forms accurately, attach the supporting documents, pay the required fee and submit your application. You will also need to pass the medical and security checks.
You should note that even though Jamaica is an English-speaking country, you will be required to prove your language skills by doing the required English exam. Your application will be returned if you do not send your English test results with your application.
Once your application is successful, you will be given a permanent resident card. This card is similar to the popular American green card. In essence, you would now be able to apply for a job to work anywhere in Canada, in an early childhood institution.
I must caution you that this is a time-sensitive application, as there is a cap on the number of applications that will be accepted. Also, when applying under the Federal Skilled Worker Programme, it is essential for you to pay attention to the finer details of your applications. Incomplete or incorrect applications may be returned or refused. With so many people around the world focused on this programme, it is important for prospective immigrants to act quickly and efficiently to secure a place in the queue. 
If you have issues or concerns about your eligibility or need help with your application, consult with immigration lawyer.
Deidre S. Powell is a lawyer, mediator, and notary public who is a member of the Jamaican and Ontario, Canada bars, with office located in Ottawa, Ontario. Her areas of practice are in immigration, personal injury, commercial, family, real estate and administration of estates. Submit your questions and comments to: Email:info@deidrepowell.com. Subject line: Immigration. Tel: 613-695-8777. Follow her on Facebook: jamaicanlawyer

Friday, 20 June 2014

Government welcomes Royal Assent of Bill C-24 - Canada News Centre

Government welcomes Royal Assent of Bill C-24 - Canada News Centre

Source: Office of Canada’s Citizenship and Immigration Minister

Government welcomes Royal Assent of Bill C-24

The government celebrates the passage of reforms to the Citizenship Act
June 19, 2014 — Ottawa, ON — Canada’s Citizenship and Immigration Minister Chris Alexander announced today that reforms to the Citizenship Act received final passage and Royal Assent. The reforms will strengthen the rules around access to citizenship to ensure that new citizens are better prepared for full participation and integration into Canadian society, with the goal of fostering in new Canadians a stronger attachment to Canadian values and traditions.
Key reforms include:

Improving efficiency

Canada’s citizenship program is being improved by reducing the decision-making process from three steps to one. It is expected that, by 2015–2016, this change will bring the average processing time for citizenship applications down to under a year. It is also projected that by 2015-2016, the current backlog will be reduced by more than 80 percent.

Reinforcing the value of Canadian citizenship

The government is ensuring citizenship applicants maintain strong ties to Canada. These amendments to the Citizenship Act provide a clearer indication that the “residence” period to qualify for citizenship in fact requires physical presence in Canada.
More applicants will now be required to meet language requirements and pass a knowledge test to ensure that new citizens are better prepared to fully participate in Canadian society. New provisions will also help individuals with strong ties to Canada, such as by automatically extending citizenship to additional “Lost Canadians” who were born before 1947 as well as to their children born in the first generation outside Canada.

Cracking down on citizenship fraud

The updated Citizenship Act includes stronger penalties for fraud and misrepresentation (a maximum fine of $100,000 and/or five years in prison) and expands the grounds to bar an application for citizenship to include foreign criminality, which will help improve program integrity.

Protecting and promoting Canada’s interests and values

Finally, the amendments bring Canada in line with most of our peer countries, by providing that citizenship can be revoked from dual nationals who are convicted of serious crimes such as terrorism, high treason and spying offences (depending on the sentence received) or who take up arms against Canada. Permanent residents who commit these acts will be barred from citizenship.
As a way of recognizing the important contributions of those who serve Canada in uniform, permanent residents who are members of the Canadian Armed Forces will have quicker access to Canadian citizenship. The Act also stipulates that children born to Canadian parents serving abroad as servants of the Crown are able to pass on Canadian citizenship to children they have or adopt outside Canada.

Quick facts

  • Requiring 14-64 year-olds to meet knowledge and language requirements provides an incentive for more individuals to acquire official language proficiency and civics knowledge, which helps them successfully integrate into Canadian society. 
  • Citizenship applicants will need to be physically present in Canada for a total of four out of their last six years. In addition, they will need to be physically present in Canada for 183 days per year for at least four of those six years. These provisions will come into force in approximately a year.
  • Under the new streamlined decision-making model, citizenship officers will decide all aspects of a citizenship application. Under the old model, obtaining citizenship was a three-step process that involved duplication of work.
  • Since 2006, Canada has welcomed over 1,300,000 proud new Canadians. Citizenship and Immigration Canada received 333,860 citizenship applications in 2013, the highest volume ever.

Quotes

“Our government is proud to announce that the first comprehensive reforms to the Citizenship Act in a generation have now become law. Moving forward, the value of citizenship will be reinforced and new citizens will be able to acquire citizenship more quickly. Our government has strengthened the rules around access to citizenship to ensure that they reflect its true value, and that new citizens are better prepared for full participation for life in Canada. Canadian citizenship is highly valued around the world and, with this balanced set of reforms, our government is ensuring that this remains so.”
Chris Alexander, Canada’s Citizenship and Immigration Minister
“Our government expects new Canadians to take part in the democratic life, economic potential and the rich cultural traditions of Canada. Our government remains committed to the successful integration of new citizens into our labour market and our communities, ensuring that they are better prepared to assume the responsibilities of citizenship, and fostering in new Canadians a strong attachment to Canada.”
Chris Alexander, Canada’s Citizenship and Immigration Minister



Tuesday, 17 June 2014

Do I need a work permit AND a study permit for Canada? - News - Jamaica Gleaner - Tuesday | June 17, 2014

Do I need a work permit AND a study permit for Canada? - News - Jamaica Gleaner - Tuesday | June 17, 2014



Dear Ms. Powell,
just got accepted to study at a college in Ontario and I am about to submit my application for a study permit. Do I also need to submit an application for a work permit separately? I would like to be able to work on a part-time basis so that I don't have to pressure my parents too much for spending money. Your help would be appreciated.
M.P.
Dear M.P.,
Working while attending school as a full-time student is beneficial to your time management skills, networking, as well as both your and your parents' pockets! ( They must be pleased with your initiative).
There are several avenues that can be explored in terms of working while you are attending school on a study permit in Canada. Citizenship and Immigration Canada (CIC) has recently made changes to the International Student Program (ISP). So as of June 1, it is easier for some students to work off campus without seeking to get a separate work permit.
Under the new rules, students who are attending one of the eligible learning intuitions on a full-time basis may work off campus for up to 20 hours on a part-time basis. However, you may work on a full-time basis during scheduled school holidays such as during the Christmas and summer breaks. There may be some restrictions that apply to this programme if you qualify.
If you are a full-time student, you may work on campus at the institution that you attend without a work permit. There are restrictions regarding which institutions qualify for this programme. However, if you and your institution qualify, working on campus can be beneficial to you and your institution's community. Should you choose to work on campus, contact your school's administration office to enquire about job opportunities. These are often posted on their websites.
Summary of qualifications
In order to be qualified to work in Canada during your studies without a separate work permit, you must:
1. Have a valid study permit;
2. Be a full-time student;
3. Be enrolled at a designated learning institution at the post-secondary level; and
4. Be enrolled in a programme, no shorter than six months, that leads to a degree, diploma, or certificate.
Further, although you may not need a separate work permit, you are required to obtain a valid Social Insurance Number (SIN), issued by Service Canada, before you start working.
I like your industrious spirit, however, you should bear in mind that your main purpose for being in Canada is to further your educational qualifications and, therefore, you must ensure that you maintain your grades or risk your study permit being revoked. It will be your responsibility to find employment on or off campus and to ensure that all requirements for both your study and your employment are met at all times.
You may visit my website at www.deidrepowell.com for more information about study permits, work permits, and other immigration programmes.
Congratulations on being accepted by the school of your choice and best of luck in your studies!
Deidre S. Powell is a lawyer, mediator, and notary public who is a member of the Jamaican and Ontario, Canada bars, with main office located in Ottawa, Ontario. Her areas of practice are in immigration , real estate, personal injury, family, and administration of estates. Email: info@deidrepowell.com. Subjectline: Immigration or Tel: 613-695-8777. Facebook: jamaicanlawyer

Tuesday, 10 June 2014

Look out for immigration scammers - News - Jamaica Gleaner - Tuesday | June 10, 2014


Look out for immigration scammers - News - Jamaica Gleaner - Tuesday | June 10, 2014


Dear Ms Powell,
I am a truck driver working in Jamaica and I am eager to work in Canada. Someone told me about an agency here in Jamaica and I contacted them. They said they can guarantee me work in Canada and that they can get me the work permit. They are charging me CA$4,000 to get this done. They mentioned that the CA$4,000 is to prepare my documents. However, a friend got a job at a hotel and said she didn't have to pay so much for hers. I tried linking with that person who helped her, but the man said he was only looking for hotel workers. Then I heard that I can get permanent residence and don't need a work permit. I see all kinds of advertisements online and in the newspaper. I'm very confused. I don't want to get scammed. How can I know who is legit?
- PS
Dear PS,
I have written several articles advising people about immigration scams. In fact, since Citizenship and Immigration Canada (CIC) has reopened the federal skilled worker (FSWP) and federal skilled trade programmes (FSTP) many persons have contacted me asking about providing them jobs and work permits to move to Canada and the United States.
So once again, I'm going to share the facts with you and other readers so that you can identify scammers and safeguard yourselves.
First and foremost, no one but an immigration officer at the Canadian embassy/visa office can guarantee you an authentic work permit; no other person - not an immigration lawyer, immigration consultant, paralegal, notary, recruiting company, employer or agency. So if someone says you are guaranteed a work permit, you should be on the alert. If the offer seems too good to be true, then it probably is.
Be on the lookout for phrases such as:
Guaranteed work permits! Free scholarships! High-paying jobs in Canada with minimal or no experience needed! Free air tickets and accommodation! Guaranteed employment! Special programmes! Earn $4,000 a month as hotel cleaner or truck driver! Get permanent residence without a degree! Work as a live-in helper for $500 per week!
Watch out for telephone calls from individuals claiming to be calling from CIC, Canada Revenue Agency (CRA), or US  Citizenship and Immigration Services (USCIS) asking for personal information for verification of your account/application.
WHAT YOU NEED TO KNOW:
Who are authorised representatives?
CIC will only accept applications from those who are authorised to do so. You could waste valuable time and money if you do not use an authorised representative to assist you with your application.
Authorised representatives are:
1 Lawyers and notaries who are in good standing with their law society that governs the jurisdiction in which they practice. So you would need to check the regulatory body for the particular country, province or state. The lawyers who are authorised to practice are usually listed on the organisation's website. For example:
a. Jamaica - General Legal Council - www.generallegalcouncil.org
b. Province of Ontario - www.lsuc.on.ca
c. Province of British Colombia - www.lawsociety.bc.ca
d. Florida - www.floridabar.org
e. New York - www.nysba.org/
2 Immigration Consultants  must be registered with the Immigration Consultants of Canada Regulatory Council (ICCRC) and must be accredited as a Regulated Immigration Consultant (RCIC) in order to be able to represent you. You may find a list of accredited immigration consultants on their website: www.iccrc-crcic.ca.
3 Some paralegals who are a member of the Law Society of Upper Canada (Ontario only) are authorised to accept fees for assisting clients. Check the LSUC website to ensure that the paralegal is registered.
Should you pay for Labour Market Opinion (LMO)/ Arranged Employment Opinion (AEO) reports? NO!
If you are applying under the FSTP to become a permanent resident, your occupation must be listed on CIC website as one of the eligible occupations. While railway carmen or women, conductors brakemen and crane operators are listed, there is nothing listed for drivers at this time, under this category.
If your occupation was listed, your prospective employer would need to give you an AEO, which they would get from Employment and Social Development Canada, and this would be submitted with your application under the FSTP. You do not need to pay for the AEO.
When a prospective employer is looking to recruit a temporary foreign worker then it is the responsibility of the employer to provide you with a positive LMO from Human Resources and Skills Development Canada. You would then use this to support your application for work permit. A work permit is temporary and does not give you the rights of a permanent resident. You do not pay the employer or recruiter for this. Any company that tells you they need money from you to apply for an LMO is acting fraudulently and this should be reported.
The application fee for your work permit is CA$150, which is paid directly to the Visa Application Centre (VAC). You should note that if you are using an authorised representative, they may charge you a fee for the preparation of your documents, but they cannot guarantee that you will be absolutely successful. That can only be guaranteed by CIC and their visa officers.
BE SMART
Investigate the person, company or agency. Ask your friends and family for referrals. Be smart and get receipts for all payments. Most importantly, you should be able to communicate directly with the authorised representative and not just persons who claim to be the agent of the representative. If the representative is always 'unavailable', then chances are the person you are dealing with is not an agent of the authorised representative.
Check my website, www.deidrepowell.com, my blog, The Gleaner's website for past articles and www.cic.gc.ca for additional information on how to avoid being scammed. You should also report the person or agency to your local police and the Canadian Border Security if they are providing you with false information. Ensure that you have credible proof of the activity if you want to be taken seriously.
Deidre S. Powell is a lawyer, mediator, and notary public who is a member of the Jamaican and Ontario, Canada bars, with main office located in Ottawa, Ontario. Her areas of practice are in immigration, personal injury, real estate, commercial, family, and administration of estates. She is on the roster of mediators for Ottawa, Toronto, and the Dispute Resolution Foundation of Jamaica. Submit your questions and comments to: Email:info@deidrepowell.com subjectline: Immigration Facebook: Jamaicanlawyer .Tel: 613-695-8777.

Tuesday, 3 June 2014

I want to work as a nurse in Canada - News - Jamaica Gleaner - Tuesday | June 3, 2014

I want to work as a nurse in Canada - News - Jamaica Gleaner - Tuesday | June 3, 2014



Dear Ms Powell,
I am a practical nurse in Jamaica and have worked for more than five years in a hospital. Recently, one of my friends told me she was applying to be a licence practical nurse through the Federal Skilled Worker Programme. I am very interested in doing that. Could you tell me how I can become a licensed practical nurse in Canada?
- KR
Dear KR,
In Canada, nursing is a profession with three regulated nursing groups: registered nurses (RNs), licensed practical nurses (LPNs), and registered psychiatric nurses (RPNs). Many nurses from around the world have found rewarding careers in Canada as licensed practical nurses (LPNs). Approximately 88,200 LPNs are registered in Canada.
Nurses who have been trained outside of Canada would need to become certified before being able to practise anywhere in Canada. For international nurses, before you can become a LPN in Canada, you must meet the requirements of the provincial or territorial nursing regulatory body or licensing authority on the particular province in which you would like to live/ practise.
I will outline below the registration process and the steps required to become a licensed practical nurse in Canada.
Minimum requirements for licensure as a LPN in any province or territory:
All licensed practical nurses must provide proof graduate from an approved practical nursing programme in Canada or an equivalent certification. You will need to have your qualifications assessed to ensure that they are equivalent to that of a Canadian certification. Many persons are currently doing courses and, upon evaluation, it is discovered that those certificates are not acceptable here in Canada. To be registered here as a practical nurse, your educational certificates will need to be deemed the equivalent to the approved programmes offered in Canada.
Step by step to becoming an LPN in Canada
1. Evaluation
You must be a graduate of a nursing programme from a Canadian educational institution or have your previously international practical nursing programme evaluated.
When applying under the Federal Skilled Worker Programme (FSWP), you will need to have this educational assessment (ECA) report and submit the results with your application. Your application under the FSWP will be returned if this is not included.
2. Provide evidence of nursing practice.
You must provide proof that you have a minimum of one year's full-time paid work experience or the equivalent part-time work within the last three years as a nurse.
3. Demonstrate language proficiency in either English or French.
EFFECTIVE COMMUNICATION
You must demonstrate that you can communicate effectively both orally and in writing in either French or English. You have a distinct advantage if you can demonstrate competence in both languages.
4. No medical or security inhibitions
You must demonstrate you do not suffer from any physical or mental condition or disorder that could affect your ability to practise nursing in a safe manner.
You also will need to pass the medical and security test. Furthermore, you must make a declaration on whether or not you have been found guilty of an offence or had a finding/ ruling against you while practising as a nurse or in any other profession.
5. Examination
Once you have received your permanent resident card through your application under the FSWP, your next step will be to become certified to practise in Canada.
You should also note that, if you are making your application for certification as a nurse, between now and August 12, 2014, you will need to complete the application process by paying the required fees for the individual regulatory authority based in the province that you would like to work.
Applications after August 12, 2014, would need to be submitted to the National Nursing Assessment Service (NNAS) for your credentials to be assessed.
If you are deemed eligible to write the registration examination, you will need to sit and pass two examinations. These examinations can only be written at a designated testing site within Canada, and the jurisprudence exam is available online.
6. Initial registration
When you have met all the above registration requirements, including the successful completion of the examination, the registration authority will guide you through the final registration process. Usually this is completed within 15 days.
If you have additional concerns about the FSWP and how to become certified as a nurse in Canada, I would suggest that you consult with an immigration lawyer to guide you through the process.
Deidre S. Powell is a lawyer, mediator, and notary public who is a member of the Jamaican and Ontario, Canada bars, with main office located in Ottawa, Ontario. Her areas of practice are in immigration, personal injury, commercial, family, and administration of estates. She is on the roster of mediators for Ottawa, Toronto, and the Dispute Resolution Foundation of Jamaica. Submit your questions and comments to: Email:info@deidrepowell.com. Subject line: Immigration. Facebook: jamaicanlawyer. Tel: 613-695-8777.

Thursday, 29 May 2014

Opportunity for Relatives of Temporary Foreign Workers to Canada

Opportunity for Relatives of Temporary Foreign Workers to Canada
Published in the Jamaican Gleaner,  May 28, 2014

Dear Ms. Powell,
What is an open work permit? My father is working at a hotel as a temporary foreign worker and heard that I can get an open work permit. I am very hardworking and just would like to be close to my father.  How can I do that?
MC

Dear MC,
When you are granted an open work permit to Canada that means that you have permission to work in Canada without first getting either a job offer or a positive labour market opinion (LMO) from the Employment and Social Development agency and you are not restricted to one particular employer.

Since your father is already in Canada as a temporary worker, you may be able to get an open work permit under various new programmes and pilot projects through a special arrangement between provinces and the federal government.

Some provinces are in desperate need of certain workers and they are currently granting open work permits to spouses and dependent children of the workers that they would like to attract. In short, they may want your father so much that they may grant his working-age children or spouse permission to be here in Canada; also provide them with an open work permit which authorizes them to work with any employer who is willing to employ them for the length of time of the permit.

Applicable Provinces
This program is available in British Columbia, Ontario, Alberta and the Yukon. The application deadline for British Columbia has passed and the program in the Yukon is slightly different. So, if your father is based in Alberta, Ontario you should apply immediately, if you are able to satisfy the following criteria.

Alberta Requirements:
·               You must be between 18 and 22 years old;
·          Your father must be employed in a managerial, skilled trades, or professional      position;
·         Deadline for application is July 31, 2014.

Ontario Requirements:
·                   You must be at least 14 years old;
·          Your father must be a temporary foreign worker employed in a managerial, skilled trades, or professional position;
·         Deadline for application July 31, 2014.

Yukon Requirements
The Yukon programme is slightly different in that this programme is not restricted to relatives of temporary foreign workers and the work permit granted is not an open work permit, but is tied to a particular employer.   Both the employer and employee will need to satisfy certain basic requirements in order for you to be granted a work permit.

This temporary foreign worker programme was implemented to deal specifically with Yukon’s short-term need for workers in the oil, gas, mineral exploration, mining tourism and hospitality industries. 

Kindly note that these programmes are very popular and Citizenship and Immigration Canada (CIC) may change their immigration programmes and deadlines without notice. So if you think you qualify based on the above or if you would like to know if you qualify, I would suggest that you consult with an immigration lawyer immediately, to guide you with your application.


DeidreS. Powell, is a lawyer, mediator, and notary public, who is a member of the Jamaican and Ontario, Canada, bars, with office located in Ottawa, Ontario. Her areas of practice are in immigration, real estate, personal injury, family, commercial, and administration of estates. Submit your questions and comments to Email: info@deidrepowell.com, Subjectline: Immigration. Tel: 613.695.8777. Facebook: jamaicanlawyer Twitter: deidrespowell

Tuesday, 20 May 2014

Immigration Corner - Moving from temporary to permanent - News - Jamaica Gleaner - Tuesday | May 20, 2014


Published: Tuesday May 20, 2014

Dear Ms Powell,

I am a Jamaican citizen and I have been travelling to and from Canada as a temporary worker for the past 20 years. I am currently in Canada and would like to apply to become a permanent resident. I would like to also apply for my children in Jamaica. Is this possible?
 JC

Dear JC,

From time to time, Citizenship and Immigration Canada (CIC) make changes about their immigration policies and, therefore, my response to you will be based on the information from CIC as at May 2014.

You may apply to become a permanent resident in Canada, and you have various options. Since status for your children depends on yours, I will first advise you about how to become a permanent resident before turning to your children.

Canadian Experience Class
You can apply to become a permanent resident under the Canadian Experience Class (CEC). This category is for temporary foreign workers and foreign students. To qualify, you must have acquired a minimum of 12 months of legitimate full-time or equal amount of part-time work experience within Canada in the last 36 months. You must also plan to live in any province, except Quebec, and meet the language requirements.

I am not sure what type of work you were doing, but there are a few major changes that you should be aware of, and I will outline them below.

Cap on applications
On May 1, 2014, CIC decided to limit the number of CEC applications that will be accepted until a new programme starts in January 2015. CIC will accept a maximum of 8,000 new applications from individuals worldwide. This means that if your occupation is on the list, you should apply immediately to secure your position.

You should also note that only 200 applications will be accepted for each occupation listed under National Occupational Classification B. These types of occupations are related to skilled trades. There are no subcaps for managerial and professional occupations. However, these occupations will still be subject to the overall cap of 12,000 applications.

The list of eligible occupations is currently being updated by CIC, however, a list of past eligible occupations is listed on my website at. I will update the website when the new list is available.

Provincial Nominee Programme
There is also the Provincial Nominee Programme (PNP). This route allows a province to choose prospective immigrants based on specific economic and labour needs. The PNP is open to persons that intend to stay in the particular province and have qualifications that meet identified provincial needs. Each province has posted a list of the various occupations that would be eligible.

Sponsoring your children

If you choose to apply under the Canadian Experience Class, you may include your dependent children on your application.
A dependent child is defined under Canadian immigration laws as someone who:
Is under 22 years of age and does not have a spouse or partner, or
Became a full-time student before turning 22 and has depended on parents' financial support since that time, or
Is over the age of 22, but married before the age of 22, has been a full-time student before the age of 22 and has been financially dependent on the sponsoring parent, or
Is over the age of 22, but has significantly depended on the parent before the age of 22 due to a physical or mental disability.
The age of a child becomes locked in once you apply, so if you have a child who will be 22 soon, you need to act now to secure your positions.
Unfortunately, children who are considered adults or who do not fall into the categories above cannot be joined in your application.

Choosing to make a home in a new country can be filled with many challenges and uncertainties. One advantage you have is that you are familiar with Canada. With careful planning, you just might be able to secure the permanence you seek for yourself and your children.

You can visit my website www.deidrepowell.com at  for more information about how to make your goals a reality.

Deidre S. Powell, is a lawyer, mediator, and notary public, who is a member of the Jamaican and Ontario, Canada, bars, with office located in Ottawa, Ontario. Her areas of practice are in immigration, real estate, personal injury, family, commercial, and administration of estates. Submit your questions and comments to Email: info@deidrepowell.com,  Subjectline: Immigration Tel: 613.695.8777/ 876.922.4092